赵得秀， male， born in January 1925， a native Province， professor-level senior engineer （retired） of Water Resources Research Institute of Henan Province. He graduated from the Department of Hydraulic Engineering， Academy of Engineering of National Central University in 1948， entered former Ministry of Water Resources as an engineering technician in the same year. Served as Branch Committee member， secretary of Engineering Institute of Central University of the underground party of CPC in Nanjing City； leader of underground group of CPC in former Ministry of Water Resources. Successively served as assistant military representative of Ministry of Water Resources of the Nanjing Military Control Commission， deputy chief of Ministry of Water Resources of the Nanjing Military Control Commission and Ministry of Water Resources in East China， section chief of Engineering Department of Committee of Harnessing Huai River， deputy director， division chief of Henan Headquarters of Harnessing Huai River， Department of Water Resources of Henan Province， etc. He had long been engaged in control of lower reaches of the Yellow River and research of solar eclipse， earthquakes， the relationship between earthquake and disasters of flood and drought， proposed that solar eclipse and earthquake is the main causes of affecting atmospheric circulation movement， forming flood and drought disasters， and forecasted ultra long range weather with mathematical simulation method， which created a new way for long range weather forecast （patented）. Besides that， he also had written The Solar Eclipse and Flood and Drought Disasters （co-authored， 1992）， Chinese Calendar （ 1996 ）， First Exploration of Control River （first edition in 1996， second edition in 2005）， Earthquake Exploration and Prediction （2007）.强祖基， male， born in April 1932. He was Fuzhou No. 1 high school of the 1950 spring graduation. He graduated from the Geology Prospecting Department of Beijing Geology College in 1953， and China's first graduate school of Geology and structural geology graduated 1956 and obtained Ph. D in geology mineralogy from Moscow State University （the former Soviet Union） in 1961. From 1999 to 2000， he was a visiting scholar at the Department of Geology， Ohio Bowling Green State University. In 1995， he was appointed by the Department of Urban and Environment， Peking University as a postdoctoral advisor. In 1986， he won the State Seismological Bureau of Science and Technology Progress Award. In 1990， he found that the satellite thermal infrared brightness temperature anomaly prior to earthquakes —— hot and cold field. He pioneered several new methods of studying current tectonic movement and impending earthquake prediction. From 1994 to 2003， he was one of the International Astronautic Federation Satellite Disaster Reduction Committee members. From 1995 to 2000， he was a senior expert adviser of the China Aerospace Industry Corporation. From 1995 to 1998， he was a 4th earthquake prediction committee member in China Seismological Society. In 1995， 1999， 2004 and 2009， he was a Chinese geophysical society natural disaster prediction professional committee. In 2005， he was a Chinese Earthquake Prediction Advisory Committee member. In 2004， 2008 and 2012， he was in Chinese High-tech Industry Research Association.