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中国脱贫攻坚调研报告:临沧篇(Research Reports on the Elimination of Poverty in China—Lincang City, Yunnan Province)

中国脱贫攻坚调研报告:临沧篇(Research Reports on the Elimination of Poverty in China—Lincang City, Yunnan Province)

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作 者: 余炳武,李官司,杨宝荣 著,赵红霞,姚雪梅,房慧 译
出版社: 中国社会科学出版社
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标 签: 暂缺

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ISBN: 9787520368629 出版时间: 2020-05-01 包装: 平装-胶订
开本: 16开 页数: 字数:  

内容简介

  Lincang is one of the least developed regions in Yunnan Province,with 97.5%of the 24,000 square kilometers being moun-tainous land area with a population of more than 2.6 million.Lincang is characterized by its biodiversity,three-dimensional climate,high mountains and deep valleys,crisscrossing rivers,inconvenient transpor-tation,mixed ethnic groups and low quality of workers.In such ethnic poverty-stricken areas,it is difficult for all the people to get rid of poverty and become rich continuously.Based on its regional characteristics,Lincang selects industries according to local conditions,continuously optimizes industrial layout,and persistently emphasizes the industrial development.Since the 1960s,the sugarcane industry has been laid out.In nearly 30 years,600,000 sugarcane farmers have been steadily lifted out of poverty.Since 1990,the tea industry has been optimally laid out at high,middle and low altitudes,benefiting 1.4 million agricultural population.In 2005,Lincang was engaged in the large-scale development of walnut industry,involving a population of 1 million,and 320,000 farmers in high-altitude mountainous areas were lifted out of poverty.Lincang nuts were promoted and planted as ecological restoration trees in 2002,which then began to be comprehensively advanced in 2012,driving more than 60,000 filed poverty-stricken households totaling 240,000 people out of poverty.By 2020,all the impoverished people in Lincang will be lifted out of poverty as expected,and they will have embarked on a road of sustained,stable and long-term poverty alleviation relying on industrial development.The optimized layout and coordinated development of industries in Lincang makes its ecological environment continuously restored,the income of the local people continuously increased,and the comprehensive skills of farmers continuously improved.Taking the development of Lincang nut industry as an example,this study,through field investigation,collects a large number of real cases,and combines with relevant data of industrial development to fully display the whole process of industry selection,trial planting promotion,planning and layout,demonstration and guidance,enterprise guidance and scientific and technological support of Lincang nuts.The successful experience of Lincang's industrial development tells us that we should choose industries according to local conditions,grasp the overall planning of industries,guide the masses to develop industries,organize and cooperate to expand industries,and strengthen industries relying on science and technology.Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets,which is undoubtedly Lincang's successful experience in the final analysis.

作者简介

  Yu Bingwu,male,Yi nationality,member of the Party Group of the Yunnan Provincial Federation of Social Sciences,long engaged in the research of rural and agricultural work;former Secretary of the Cangyuan Wa Autonomous County Party committee,of the Yun County Party committee,and of Tengchong City Party committee.Li Guan,male,deputy editor in chief and editor of the academic joumal Academic Explorationwith the Yunnan Provincial Federation of Social Sciences,master of education, doctor of science, mainly engaged in the research of editing and publishing,regional education and border development.Yang Baorong,male,senior research fellow,Director of Division of Division of economic Studies in the Institute of West-Asian and African Studies(IWAAS) , Chinese Academy of Social Sciences( CASS) .Bom in Mar.1975 in Shanxi Province of China.B.A.(1999) in School of history and culture,Shanxi Normal University,China.Both M.A.(2003) and Ph.D degrees(2008) in Graduate School of The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.The major of B.A.is history.The major of M.A.and Ph.D is International Politics.Being an Assistant Professor in IWAAS,CASS from 2005 to 2011.Being an associate Professor from 2011 to the present.From Mar.2007-Augu.2007,served as a visiting scholar at the Vrije Universiteit of Netherlands.Major Field of Study: Development of African politics and econonuesAfrica Political EconomicsAfrica debt issuesRelations of African countries and western major powersChina-Africa Economic Cooperation

图书目录

Preface
Chapter 1
Overview ofLincang City
1.1 General Situation of Nature in Lincang City
1.2 General Situation of Economic and Social Development in Lincang City
1.3 Difficulties and Challenges
Chapter 2
Lincang's Industrial Choice and the Process of Targeted Poverty Alleviatlon
2.1 Rely on Industrial Development to Gradually Realize Targeted Poverty Alleviation
2.1.1 Optimize the Layout of the Sugarcane Industry to Achieve Povercy Alleviation in Tropical Area
2.1.2 Actively Cultivate the Tea Industry to Achieve Farmers in High Altitude Mountain Area out of Poverty
2.1.3 Render Priority to the Development of Walnut Industry to Help Farmers in High Altitude Mountain out of Poverty
2.1.4 The Layout of Macadamia Nut Industry Should Be Optimized in Order to Achieve Poverty Alleviation of Farmers in Low and Medium Altitude Areas
2.2 Optimize Industrial Distribution to Achieve Sustained Poverty Alleviation
2.2.1 Stabilize the Industry of Sugarcane
2.2.2 Make Quality Tea Industry
2.2.3 Consolidate Walnut Industry
2.2.4 Accelerate the Development of Lincang Macadamia Nut Industry
2.3 The Comprehensive Effects of Lincang Industrial Development
2.3.1 The Ecology is Constantly Being Restored
2.3.2 The Income of Ordinary People Keeps Increasing
2.3.3 Farmers' Comprehensive Skills Have Been Continuously Improved
Chapter 3
Examples of Industry Development of Lincang Nuts
3.1 Why Choose Industry of Lincang Nuts?
3.1.1 Advantages and Foundation for Industry of Lincang Nuts
3.1.2 Determination of the Process of Developing Lincang Nut Industry
3.2 The Way to Develop Lincang Nuts Industry
3.2.1 Trial Planting with Cautious Promotion
3.2.2 Take Local Advantages with Attention and Passion
3.2.3 Typical Demonstration Led by Enterprise
3.2.4 Improve Quality and Efficiency with Scientific and Technological Support
3.3 Achievements and Prospects of Lincang Nuts Industry Development
3.3.1 Economic Achievements of Lincang Nuts Industry
3.3.2 Ecological Benefits of Lincang Nuts Industry
3.3.3 Prospects of Lincang Nut Industry Development
Chapter 4
The Practice of Chinese Wisdom in Lincang
4.1 Choose Industry according to Local Conditions
4.1.1 Choose Industries According to the Natural and Social Conditions
4.2 Grasp the Overall Situation and Plan the Industry
4.2.1 The Municipal Government Grasps the Overall Planning
4.2.2 County-level Governments to Optimize Industrial Layout
4.3 Guide the Masses, Develop Industries
……
Chapter 5
Lincang Experience with Chinese Wisdom

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